5 CSS Tricks Every Web Designer Should Use In Website Layout Design
Once you have learnt how the CSS box model works, it is time to learn CSS tricks, tips, and techniques. Given the increased popularity of CSS, this is the only way to make your website layout stands out.
This is an effective trick that works by telling your browser which of your asset elements should be visible. It allows you to build layouts and shapes. This can be achieved by:
– Using raster images
– Using SVG elements (which is better than raster images in that it can be transformed or scaled without significant quality loss)
– Using CSS gradients
When using Firefox, note only the latest SVG elements are supported and you will need to use inline SVG mask elements.
The boundary of a shape is called a clip-path. In CSS, clipping is used to determine the area of the image to be visible. Anything outside the clip-path will not be hidden, and vice versa. You could also use clipping to remove an image’s background.
Clipping is advantageous over masking in that it consumes less memory and you should, therefore, consider using clipping if you want a crisp edge and masking when you want a partial transparency effect.
CSS Blend Modes
One of the greatest reasons for the success of Spotify, a popular music, web streaming and podcast service, is the employment of colouriser effects and duotone imagery in its website.
CSS blend modes not only unify the look of the content across your website, but they also allow you to use an image in its different color versions. You no longer have to create the different color versions – you can simply apply the effects on your browser directly. The 15 available blend modes range from screen to overlay and from darken to lighten.
The type of element you intend to apply the effect to, determines the implementation method you will use.
The duotone effect is usually satisfactorily executed high-contrast white and black images are used. CSS filters allow for the achievement of high contrast levels and the setting of a greyscale.
Consider using collage in your web designs. With CSS, it is possible to have collages that adjust to a website’s requirements and that are interactive, scalable, and animated. Traditionally, you would have had to attach raster images prepared in a graphics editor.
Create Animations using SVG
Using SVG for website animations allows for responsive web design. This means you will not need a different website for mobile and desktop. With SVG, the graphics will always be crisp, no matter the resolution.
Another advantage of SVG for animations is that you can manipulate SVG. This is very fast and the results are amazing.
Although using raster images is easier, SVG is advantageous in that words in the SVG are kept in a <text> tag and so they remain as text and are selectable, accessible, and searchable. You, however, have to embed the font face to ensure there is rendering.
There are many other important tricks worth researching on, among them:
– Absolute positioning
– Vertical alignment (for one line text)
– Hover effects
– CSS reset
– Using drop caps